Urinary tract anomalies are sometimes seen in children, and many of them require active treatment to achieve continence. Vesicoureteral reflux and/or a neurogenic bladder secondary to meningomyelocele (e.g. spina bifida) are two examples that require swift action.
Bladder and bowel control has the potential of being a quiet distress throughout life for children and young adults with Spina Bifida. There are a few recent articles reviewing and investigating different aspects of bladder and bowel management therapy in this group.