Transanal irrigation has often been proven effective as a bowel management therapy for people with neurogenic bowel disorder. Neurogenic bowel disorder may occur in indications such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, spina bifida and Parkinson's disease.
“Given the improved longevity of individuals with SB [spina bifida], transitional care issues (such as health-related independence) are becoming progressively more vital.”
Castillo et al. J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2017;10(3-4):219-226.
Constipation and fecal incontinence are two symptoms of bowel dysfunction. There may be a cause, like impaired innervation of the intestine due to disease or injury. There may also be no traceable cause of the bowel symptoms; this is then called functional constipation or functional fecal incontinence.
Urinary tract anomalies are sometimes seen in children, and many of them require active treatment to achieve continence. Vesicoureteral reflux and/or a neurogenic bladder secondary to meningomyelocele (e.g. spina bifida) are two examples that require swift action.